Rogier van der Weyden, also known as Roger de la Pasture, Rogier de Bruxelles, (c. 1400 - June 18, 1464) was a Flemish painter.
He was born at Tournai, where in 1427 he entered the studio of Robert Campin.
He established himself in Brussels about 1435. He was in Italy in 1440-1450, but his visit shows no result on his style, which owes nothing to Italian models; and he returned to Brussels, where he died.
His vigorous, subtle and expressive painting and popular religious conceptions had considerable influence on the art of Flanders and Germany. Hans Memling was his greatest pupil; and his place in the early Flemish school is second only to that of the Van Eycks. He was not a pupil of Jan van Eyck, as was at one time supposed.
Some paintings are only doubtfully attributed to the master. The Crucifixion in the Brussels Museum, assigned either to him or to Memling, and containing portraits of the Sforzas, probably represents Roger van der Weyden in some of the principal figures at least, though Memling may have completed the picture.