Richard Anuszkiewicz (born May 23, 1930, Erie, Pennsylvania) is an American artist.
He is one of the founders and foremost exponents of Op Art, a movement during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Victor Vasarely in France and Bridget Riley in England were his primary international counterparts. Life magazine called him "The New Wizard of Op." He has exhibited at Venice Biennale, Florence Biennale and Documenta, and his works are in permanent collections internationally.
His last name is pronounced: "aah-nuss-KAY-vitch" with the accent on the third syllable.
Anuszkiewicz trained at the Cleveland Institute of Art in Cleveland, Ohio (1948 – 1953), and then with Josef Albers at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture in New Haven, Connecticut (1953 – 1955) where he earned his Masters of Fine Arts.
Considered a major force in the Op Art movement, Anuszkiewicz is concerned with the optical changes that occur when different high-intensity colors are applied to the same geometric configurations. Most of his work comprises visual investigations of formal structural and color effects, many of them nested square forms similar to the work of his mentor Josef Albers. In his series, "Homage to the Square," Albers experimented with juxtapositions of color, and Anuszkiewicz developed these concepts further. Anuszkiewicz has continued to produce works in the Op Art style over the last few decades. A catalogue raisonné of Anuszkiewicz's paintings is currently being drafted under the auspices of the contemporary art critic John Spike and will be published in 2008.
Anuszkiewicz summarizes his approach to painting as follows: "My work is of an experimental nature and has centered on an investigation into the effects of complementary colors of full intensity when juxtaposed and the optical changes that occur as a result, and a study of the dynamic effect of the whole under changing conditions of light, and the effect of light on color." (from a statement by the artist for the exhibition "Americans 1963" at the Museum of the Modern Art)