Marc Chagall (July 7, 1887 - March 28, 1985) was a Belarusian painter of Jewish origin.
He was born Moishe Zakharovich Shagalov (Moishe Segal) in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (now in Belarus) the eldest of eight children. His mother's name was Felga-Ita. He was one of the most important artists of The School of Paris and was associated with surrealism, and in his works can be seen the resonance of fantasy and dreams.
In 1907, Marc Chagall moved to St. Petersburg where he joined the school of the Society of Art Supporters where he studied under Nikolai Roerich. After becoming known as an artist he left St. Petersburg, Russia to join the gathering of artists in the Montparnasse Quarter of Paris, France. In 1914 he returned to Vitebsk and married his fianc�e, Bella Rosenfeld whom he had met in 1909. As World War I broke out Chagall did not leave his home town but in 1915 he married Bella and the next year they had a daughter named Ida.
Chagall became an active participant in the 1917 Russian Revolution. The Soviet Culture Ministry made him a Commissar of Art for the Vitebsk region where he founded an art school. He did not fair well under the Soviet system. He moved to Moscow in 1920 and back to Paris in 1923.
With the German occupation of France during World War II, and the deportation of Jews to the Nazis death camps Marc Chagall had to flee from France. With the assistance of the American journalist Varian Fry he hid at Villa Air-Bel in Marseilles before Fry helped him escape from France.
Major works include "I and the Village" (1911), "Green Violinist" (1923-24, Guggenheim Museum, New York), "The Birthday" (1915), "Solitude" (1933, Tel-Aviv Museum). Today, a Chagall painting can sell for more than US$6 million.
His work can be found in the Paris Opera, First National Bank Plaza of downtown Chicago, New York Metropolitan Opera House, cathedral of Metz France, Notre-Dame_de_Reims France, the Fraum�nster Cathedral in Zurich, Switzerland, and the Church of St. Stephan in Mainz. The museum named after him in Vitsebsk was founded in 1997 in the building where his family lived on 29 Pokrovskaia street in Vitebsk. The museum, which only has copies of his work. During Soviet times he was considered a persona non grata.
He died at the age of 98 and is buried in the Saint Paul Town Cemetery, Saint-Paul de Vence (near Nice), France.