Charles Camoin (1879–1965) was a French painter associated with the Fauves.
Born in Marseilles, France, Camoin met Henri Matisse in Gustave Moreau's class at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. Matisse and his friends (including Camoin, Henri Manguin, Albert Marquet, Georges Rouault, André Derain and Maurice de Vlaminck), formed the original group of artists labeled the Fauves (meaning "the wild beasts") for their wild, expressionist-like use of color. Camoin always remained close to Matisse, whose portrait he painted and which is in the permanent collection of the Pompidou Museum in Paris.
Charles Camoin's works have been widely shown in France and are in such major collections as the Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris in addition to the Centre Georges Pompidou and many of the French regional museums. In 1955 he was awarded the Prix du President de la Republique at the Biennale of Menton. He died in 1965.