Andrei Rublev (c. 1360 or 1370 - 1427 or 1430) is considered to be the greatest medieval Russian painter of icons and frescoes.
Alternate spellings of his name include: Andrew Rublev, Andrey Rublev, and Andrey Roublyov.
There is little information about his life. It is not known where he was born. Andrei Rublev probably lived in the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra under Nikon of Radonezh, who became hegumen after the death of Sergii Radonezhsky (1392).
The first mention of Rublev is in 1405 when he decorated icons and frescos for the Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Moscow Kremlin in company with Theophanes the Greek and Prokhor of Gorodets. His name was the last of the list of masters as the junior both by rank and by age.
Chronicles tell us that in 1408 he painted (together with Daniil Cherni) the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir and in 1425Ė1427 the Cathedral of St. Trinity in the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra. After Daniilís death Andrei came to Moscow's Andronikov Monastery where he painted his last work, frescoes of the Savior Cathedral.
He is also believed to have painted at least one of the miniatures in the Khitrovo Gospels. The only work authenticated as entirely his is the icon of the Old Testament Trinity (ca 1410, illustrated, to the right), in the Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. It is also known as the "Hospitality of Abraham".
In Rublevís art two traditions are combined: highest asceticism and classic harmony of Byzantine manners. The characters of his paintings are always peaceful and calm. After some time his art came to be perceived as the ideal of Church painting and of iconic art.
He died at Andronikov Monastery. The date of his death is uncertain, but may have been January 29 of 1430. His art influenced many different artists including Dionisy. At Stoglavi Sobor (1551) Rublevís icon style was announced as a model for church paintings. He was canonized in 1988 by the Russian Orthodox Church. The church celebrates his memory on July 4.
Since 1959 the Andrei Rublev museum has been open in Andronnikov Monastery, showing the art of his works and his epoch. In 1966, Andrei Tarkovsky made a film loosely based on Andrei Rublev's life.