Alexander Porfiryevich Archipenko (also referred to as Olexandr, Oleksandr, or Aleksandr) (May 30, 1887 - February 25, 1964) was a Ukrainian avant-garde artist, sculptor and graphic artist.
Alexander Archipenko was born in Kiev, in present-day Ukraine (at the time a part of the Russian Empire) to Porfiry Antonowitsch Archipenko and Poroskowia Wassiliewna Machowa Archipenko; he was the younger brother of Eugene Archipenko.
From 1902-1905, he attended the Kiev Art School (KKHU), after which he continued his education in the arts as the student of S.Svyatoslavsky in 1906 (also in Kiev). In the same year he had an exhibition in Kiev, together with Bogomazov. That same year, Archipenko moved to Moscow, where he had a chance to exhibit his work in some group shows.
By 1909, however, he had moved on to Paris.
From 1909-1914 he was a resident in the artist's Colony La Ruche, among emigre Russian artists: Wladimir Baranoff-Rossine, Sonia Delaunay-Terk and Nathan Altman.
After 1910 Alexander Archipenko had exhibitions at Salon des Independants, Salon D'Automne together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Vadym Meller, Sonia Delaunay-Terk alongside Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Andre Derain.
In 1912 Archipenko had his first personal exhibition at the Museum Folkwang in Hagen.
From 1912 to 1914 Archipenko was teaching at his own Art College in Paris.
In 1913 Archipenko's works appeared at the Armory Show in New York.
In 1914 he moved to Nice.
In 1920 he participated in Twelfth Biennale Internazionale dell'Arte di Venezia in Italy.
In 1921 he started his own College in Berlin.
In 1922 Archipenko participated in the First Russian Art Exhibition in the Gallery van Diemen in Berlin together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Solomon Nikritin, El Lissitzky and others.
In 1923 he emigrated to USA. In 1929 he took American citizenship.
In 1923 Archipenko participated in an exhibition of Russian Paintings and Sculpture.
In 1934 he designed the Ukrainian pavilion in Chicago.
In 1936 Archipenko participated in an exhibition Cubism and Abstract Art in New York, numerous exhibitions in Europe and US.
Alexander Archipenko died on Feb. 25, 1964 in New York.
Associated with the cubist movement, Archipenko departed from the neo-classical sculpture of his time and used negative space to create a new way of looking at the human figure, showing a number of views of the subject simultaneously. He is known for introducing sculptural voids, and for his inventive mixing of genres throughout his career: devising 'sculpto-paintings', and later experimenting with materials such as clear acrylic and terra cotta.