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Claude Monet Gallery     Prints.     Full biography.
Claude Monet (1840-1926)
Monet was born in Paris, studied for one year at the Académie Suisse in Paris and completed a year’s military service in Algeria. He painted directly from nature and used quick brush stokes to record overall effect rather than detail. He and fellow artist, Renoir, did not use black or brown to describe shadows but instead contrasts of juxtapositioned colors.

In 1872 he painted Impression Sunrise, that led to the naming of the Impressionists In the winter of 1875 he painted snow scenes in Argenteuil. He spent 1877 painting the St-Lazare station. In the 1890s he worked hard on several series of paintings depicting haystacks, poplars on the Epte and the façade of Rouen Cathedral. In 1900, he embarked on his two most ambitious projects, the series depicting the Thames and the series depicting his beloved water garden at Giverny, which he continued to work on until his death.
Bank of the Seine
Haystack at Giverny
Pond at Montgeron
Water Lilies
Rouen Cathedrale


The Houses of Parliament (Effect of Fog), 1903
Oil on canvas; 32 x 36 3/8 in. (81.3 x 92.4 cm)
Bequest of Julia W. Emmons, 1956     
Metropolitan Museum of Art
In fall 1899 and February–April 1900 Monet executed a series of views of the Thames River in London. He painted "Waterloo Bridge" and "Charing Cross Bridge" from his room in the Savoy Hotel and the "Houses of Parliament" from Saint Thomas's Hospital across the river. While in London Monet reportedly worked on as many as ninety canvases, moving from one to another as the light changed. In his studio at Giverny, he worked on the paintings until 1903, when he wrote to Durand-Ruel: "I cannot send you a single canvas of London....It is indispensable to have them all before me, and to tell the truth not one is definitely finished. I develop them all together." In May 1904 thirty-seven were exhibited at the Durand-Ruel gallery in Paris
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