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John Constable Gallery     Prints.     Full biography.
John Constable (1776-1837) John Constable was born in East Bergholt, a village on the River Stour in Suffolk, England. He became a great landscape painter. The area of Dedham Vale in Suffolk is known as 'Constable Country'.
Arundel Mill
Hampstead Heath
Parhams Mill
Shoreham Bay
Weymouth
Salisbury Cathedral
St. Johns Dale

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Shoreham Bay, near Brighton (1824)

Technique Description  
oil on paper laid down on canvas
 
Dimensions height: (paper size): 14.9 cm
width: (paper size): 24.8 cm
 
Date 1824
Provenance given: Caton-Thompson, Gertrude 1969 (Filtered for: Paintings, Drawings and Prints)
Captain Charles Golding Constable (d. 1879); his widow Mrs A.M. Constable (d. 1889); sold Christie's, 23 June 1890 (85), bt. William Caton-Thompson (d. 1893); his widow, Mrs George E. Moorefrom whom inherited by their daughter, the donor, 1934

 
Inscriptions/Marks label
Position: verso, on stretcher
Method: MS, ink
Content: Shoreham bay. The walk to the Chalybeate / Wells Brighton. Tuesday 20th July 1824 (not in Constable's hand)

label
Position: verso, on stretcher
Method: MS, ink
Content: Charles (Charles Constable)

 
Documentation (1970) Fitzwilliam. The Annual Reports of the Fitzwilliam Museum Syndicate and the Friends of the Fitzwilliam Cambridge for the Year ending 31 December 1969, Cambridge (Cambs.)
[comments: pl. X]
Goodison, J.W. (1977) Catalogue of Paintings in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Vol. III, British School, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: 54-55]
Reynolds, Graham (1984) The Later Paintings and Drawings of John Constable, New Haven
[comments: no. 24.12, pl. 488 (colour)]
Cormack, Malcolm (1986) John Constable, Oxford [page: 160]
[comments: pl. 157]
(1992) British Landscape Paintings from the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Tokyo [page: 70-71]
[comments: cat. no. 25, reproduced (colour)]
 
Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge
Comments about Constable

Name:Royal Academy
Date:Saturday November 5, 2005 1:57:41 pm MST
Subject:Biography
Message:Constable was born in East Bergholt, Suffolk, the son of a well-todo mill owner. An early interest in drawing was encouraged by the connoisseur Sir George Beaumont and the etcher and draRsman J. T. ("Antiquity") Smith, and in 1799 Constable traveled to London and entered the Royal Academy Schools.

He exhibited at the Royal Academy for the first time in 1802 and began making regular sketching and painting trips to rural parts of central and southeastern England, developing his style of plein-air sketching. Larger, more finished compositions were worked up in the studio, and in 1819 Constable exhibited at the academy the first of his sixfoot canvases showing scenes from the Stour River valley.

He was elected an associate of the academy in 1819 but not a full member until 1829. Inclusion of three paintings in the Paris Salon of 1824 brought him to the excited attention of French artists, who saw in his work a new model of fidelity to nature. In later life, the vivid naturalism of his landscapes gave way to a looser, more expressionistic style.

The lectures on landscape painting he presented in his last years, from 1833 to 1836, preserve a personal account of his theories and practices.

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