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Alexander Calder (1898-1976)
Alexander Caldert was born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania and is famous for inventing the mobile. Calder initially trained as a mechanical engineer, receiving a degree from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1919. He designed kinetic sculptures which were manipulated by a means of cranks and pulleys and then, by the end of 1931 he moved on to more delicate sculptures which derived their motion from the air currents in the room and true mobiles were born. In the 1950s, Calder increasingly concentrated his efforts on producing monumental sculptures. Notable examples are .125 for JFK Airport in 1957 and La Spirale for UNESCO in Paris 1958. Calder's largest sculpture at 20.5 m high, was El Sol Rojo constructed for the Olympic games in Mexico City.
Bent Propeller
Aztec Josephine Baker
East Building Mobile


The Stars, 1966
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