|Romare Bearden Gallery
|Romare Bearden (1914-1988)
Romare Bearden was born in Charlotte, North Carolina in 1914.
His family soon moved to Harlem where he founded the "306 Group", a club for Harlem's artists.
During the 1940's, his style combined African culture and symbols with a stylized realism.
After a stay in Paris, Bearden's work became more abstract, using layers of oil paint to produce muted, hidden effects.
During the 1960's civil rights movement, his focus shifted again, to collage, considered his best work.
The Block, 1971
Cut and pasted printed, colored and metallic papers, photostats, pencil, ink marker, gouache, watercolor, and pen and ink on Masonite; Overall: H. 48, W. 216 in. (121.9 x 548.6 cm) Six panels, each: H. 48, W. 36 in.
"The Block" is a tribute to Harlem, a neighborhood in New York City that nurtured both the life and work of artist Romare Bearden. Although he was born in Charlotte, North Carolina, Bearden spent part of each year in New York throughout his childhood. In 1940 he established his first studio in Harlem, at 306 West 125th Street, in the same building as the artist Jacob Lawrence and the poetnovelist Claude McKay. During the 1940s Bearden was active in the Harlem cultural community as part of the informal artists' organization known as the 306 Group and as a member of the Harlem Artists Guild.
Each of the six panels of "The Block" presents an aspect of life in Harlem, depicting such neighborhood institutions as the Evangelical church, the barbershop, and the corner grocery store. Bearden took artistic license in revealing the private moments of tenement life as well as the exuberant humanity that existed in the prototypical city block. His concern with social issues reflects the influence of the German artist George Grosz, with whom Bearden had studied at the Art Students League in the 1930s. The "Cubist" character of Bearden's cut-paper collage, a technique with which he is associated, resulted from formal experimentation, the documentary impulse of Dadaist photomontage, and Bearden's own modern vision, which matured during the 1940s and 1950s.
The original installation of this work included a tape recording of street sounds to enhance the viewer's visual experience of the work, but even without this accompaniment the vitality of the scene is palpable.
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