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Frédéric Bazille (1841–1870)
Frédéric Bazille was an Impressionist painter and soldier. Born in Montpellier, Hérault, France, into a middle-class Protestant family, Bazille began studying medicine in 1862, when he met Pierre-Auguste Renoir and was drawn to the Impressionist movement. His career was cut short, when he was killed in action in Beaune-la-Rolande, Loiret during the Franco-Prussian War.
Summer Scene
Fish Poissons
Porte de la Reine at Aigues-Mo
Ramparts at Aigues-Mortes
Family Reunion
Pink Dress
Woman in Moorish Costume


Woman in Moorish Costume (Mauresque), 1869

Jean-Frédéric Bazille
French, 1841-1870
Oil on canvas
39-3/8 x 23-3/8 in. (100 x 59.4 cm)
Norton Simon Art Foundation

Bazille was a member of the group of painters who evolved to become the Impressionists. Here the artist displays an interest in one of the Oriental themes that fascinated nineteenth-century painters and writers. These popular themes included exotic subjects that they imagined derived from French colonies in North Africa; women in harem costumes were among the most popular. This composition is a contrast of textures, as the woman's colorfully patterned costume stands out against the smoothness of the wall and floor. Bazille died shortly before his twenty-ninth birthday during a battle in the Franco-Prussian War.
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