Renowned Art
Balthus Gallery     Prints.     Full biography.
Balthazar Klossowski de Rola (1908-2001)
Balthus was an esteemed Polish modern artist whose work was ultimately anti-modern. As he matured in the early 1930s, his paintings often depicted pubescent young girls in erotic and voyeuristic poses. Balthus spent most of his life in France, and as international fame grew he cultivated himself and his past as an enigma. Prime Ministers and rock stars alike attended the funeral of Balthus. Bono, lead-singer of U2, sang for the hundreds of mourners at the funeral.
Guitar Lesson
Living Room
Miro and Daughter
Brother and Sister
Golden Days


Golden Days, The (Les Beaux Jours), (1944-1946)
Oil on canvas
58 1/4 x 78 3/8 in. (148.0 x 199.0 cm.)
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966 (66.347 )
Currently On View at the Hirshhorn

Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, by 1949 to 4 February 1959
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, 4 February 1959-17 May 1966
Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966
Revised 8/85 by AAA Exhibitions History
[GALLERY ARTS, Paris. 1946, cat. no. 25.]
[PALAIS DES PAPES, Avignon. "Exposition d'Art Contemporain (Les Peintres et Sculpteurs Contemporains)," June-September 1947.]
PIERRE MATISSE GALLERY, New York. "Balthus," 8 March-2 April 1949, cat. no. 19, (ill.)
[PIERRE MATISSE GALLERY, New York. "Balthus," 1950, cat. no. 9, ill.]
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, New York. "Balthus," 19 December 1956-3 February 1957, no. cat. 16, pp. 77-8, 23, ill.
M. KNOEDLER & CO., New York. "Paintings from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation Collection: A View of the Protean Century," (American Federation of Arts tour), 31 October-24 November 1962, no. 7, pp. 6, 16, ill. TOUR: CURRIER GALLERY OF ART, Manchester, New Hampshire, 16 December 1962-12 January 1963; CARNEGIE INSTITUTE, Pittsburgh, 30 January-26 February; EVANSVILLE MUSEUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, Indiana, 16 March-12 April; MUNSONWILLIAMS-PROCTOR INSTITUTE, Utica, New York, 30 April-27 May; J.B. SPEED ART MUSEUM, Louisville, Kentucky, 13 June-10 July; MINNEAPOLIS INSTITUTE OF ARTS, 30 July-25 August; SEATTLE ART MUSEUM, 11 September-8 October; SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF ART, 26 October-23 November; COLORADO SPRINGS FINE ARTS CENTER, Colorado, 11 December-7January 1964; DALLAS MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 26 January-23 February; OKLAHOMA ART CENTER, Oklahoma City, 12 March-8 April; BROOKS MEMORIAL ART GALLERY, Memphis, 25 April-23 May; ATLANTA ART ASSOCIATION, Georgia, 10 June-7 July; SAGINAW ART MUSEUM, Michigan, 25 July-22 August; MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 8 September-6 October; ALLENTOWN ART MUSEUM, Pennsylvania, 24 October-21 November; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Boston, 9 December-10 January 1965; BROOKLYN MUSEUM, New York, 8 February-5 April.
MUSEE DES ARTS DECORATIFS, Paris. "Balthus," 12 May-27 June 1966, no. 13, cat. p. 25, ill. TOUR: CASINO COMMUNAL, Knokkele Zoute, Belgium, July-September 1966.
ARTS COUNCIL OF GREAT BRITAIN, Tate Gallery, London. "Balthus," 4 October-10 November 1968, no. 23, cat.
HIRSHHORN MUSEUM AND SCULPTURE GARDEN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October-15 September 1975, no. 704, cat. ill.
DES MOINES ART CENTER, Iowa. "Art in Western Europe--The Post War Years 1945-55," 19 September-29 October 1978, no. 5 cat. ill.
LA BIENNALE DI VENEZIA, Venice. "Balthus," 1980, ills. p. 11-13.
CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU, Paris, "Paris-Paris: Creations en France, 1937-1957," 28 May-2 November 1981, no. 62, p. 243, ill.
CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU, Paris, "Balthus," 5 November 1983-23 January 1984, no. 30, p. 164, ill. TOUR: METROPOLITAN MUSEUM, New York, 21 February-13 May 1984, no. 28, ill.
MUSEE DE LA VILLE DE KYOTO, Japan. "Balthus," 17 June-22 July 1984, no. 10, pp. 25, 29, 52, 53, ills.
STEDELIJK MUSEUM, Netherlands. "Paintings after 1945," December 1984-April 1985.
MUSEE CANTONAL DES BEAUX-ARTS, Lausanne, Switzerland. "Balthus," 29 May-29 August 1993.
MUSEE DES BEAUX-ARTS, Rouen, France, "A Travers le Miroir de Bonnard a Buren," 20 October 2000-22 January 2001.
THE PIERPONT MORGAN LIBRARY, New York, NY. "Pierre Matisse and His Artists," 14 Febraury - 19 May 2002.
Revised 8/85 by AAA. See file for further information.
Published References
CHAR, RENE. "Balthus, ou le Dard dans la Fleur," Cahiers d'Art 20-21 annees (1945-46), p. 199, ill.
REED, JUDITH KAYE. "Symbolic Realism and Haunting Victims," Art Digest 23 (1 April 1949), p. 16, ill.
CLARK, ELIOT. "New York Commentary," The Studio 153 (June 1957), p. 185.
OFFIN, CHARLES Z. "Gallery Previews in New York," Pictures on Exhibit 26 (November 1962), p. 12.
UNSIGNED. "Exhibitions," Museum News (February 1965), n.p., ill.
LERNER, ABRAM, ed. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), pp. 661-62.
RAYNOR, VIVIEN. "A Preview of the New Hirshhorn Museum," The New York Times section 2 (14 July 1974).
LARKIN, DAVID, ed. Temptation (New York: Peacock Press/ Bantam Book, 1975), intro. (n.p.), pl. 37, pl. rear cover.
BALDWIN, NICK. "Aniversary Anthology," Des Moines Sundy Register (17 September 1978), section 5B, ill.
LEYMARIE, JEAN. Balthus (Geneva: Skira, 1978), pl. 14, p. 16.
KINGSLEY, APRIL. "The Sacred and Erotic Vision of Balthus," Horizon 22 (December 1979), p. 35, pp. 32-33, ill.
DAVENPORT, GUY. "Balthus," Antaeus 39 (Autumn 1980), pp. 83, 85.
CARANDENTE, GIOVANNI. Balthus: Drawings and Watercolors (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1982), p. 16.
LEYMARIE, JEAN. Balthus, new ed. (Geneva: Skira, 1982), pp. 44, 46, 90, and pp. 48, 49, ill. p. 132.
JOUVE, PIERRE JEAN. "Les Beaux Jours," in Proses (Paris: Mecure de France, 1960), p. 21, ill. (Reprinted in: CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU, Paris, Balthus, 1983, p. 67)
KLOSSOWSKI DE ROLA, STANISLAS. Balthus (London: Thames and Huson, 1983), pl. 32.
PARK, EDWARD. Treasures of the Smithsonian (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1983), n.p., ill.
RUSSELL, JOHN. "Balthus Mesmerizes with his Chilling Imagery," New York Times (19 February 1984), section H, pp. 32-32
HUSSEY, HOWARD. "Balthus Mystery of Vision, Flash of Timelessness," Art World (April 1984), n.p., ill.
PEPPIATT, MICHAEL. "Balthus: En presentasjon," Kunst og Kultur n. 1 (1984), p. 10, ill.
SCHJELDAHL, PETER. "Pretty Babies," Art and Antiques (March 1984), pp. 92, 94, ill.
PERL, JED. "Sex, love and art in the '80s," Vogue (May 1986), p. 120, ill.
ARNASON, H.H. History of Modern Art 3rd ed., rev. and updated by Daniel Webster (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986), fig. 642.
HOBHOUSE, JANET. The Bride Stripped Bare (London: Jonathan Cape, 1987), fig. 206.
DAVENPORT, GUY. A Balthus Notebook (New York: Ecco Press, 1989), no. 7.
HOPE, CHRISTOPHER. My Chocolate Redeemer (London: William Heinemann, 1989), cover ill. (Reprint 1990, London: Minerva).
PERNIOLA, MARIO. "Between Clothing and Nudity," in Fragments for a History of the Human Body part two, Michel Feher, ed. (New York: Urzone, 1989), p. 262, ill.
BOURDAIS, GILDAS. Les Modernes et les autres (Lausanne: Livre Total, 1990), p. 247.
PAULSON, RONALD. Figure and Abstraction in Contemporary Painting (New Brunswick and London: Rutgers University Press, 1990), ill.
WEDDING, DANNY. Behavior and Medicine (Boston: Mosby Year Book, 1990), ill. p. 52.
NERET, GILLES, Erotik in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts (Koln: Benedik Taschen, 1992), ill.
BOWIE, DAVID. "The Last Legendary Painter," Modern Painters, vol. 7, no. 3 (Autumn 1994), p. 19.
MARTINEZ, BENJAMIN and JACQUELINE BLOCK. Visual Forces: An Introduction to Design, second ed. (New Jersey: Preintice hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1995), p. 175.
CHAR, Rene and Marie-Claude Char. Dans l'Atelier du Poete, Quarto Series (Paris: Gallimard, 1996), ill. p. 433.
KUROKAWA, SHUNICHI. New History of World Art, vol. 27 (Tokyo: Shogakukan, 1996), no. 120, ill.
PLAZY, GILLES. "Les Paradis Perdus de Balthus," Beaux Arts 145 (May 1996), p. 52.
ZILCZER, JUDITH K. "Balthus," in The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 150 Works (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996): p. 74, ill.
MILLER, JONATHAN. On Reflection (London: National Gallery Publication, 1998), no. 3, ill. p. 151.
ASHTON, DORE. "Balthus: A Biography by Nicholas Fox Weber," Washington Post: Book World (31 October 1999), ill. p. 4.
CLAIR, JEAN and VIRGINIA MONNIER, Balthus: Catalogue Raisonne de l'Oeuvre Complet (Paris: Gallimard, 1999) no. 155, color pl. p. 146.
COLLINGS, MATTHEW. "Diary: Ourselves and Others," Modern Painters, (Winter 1999), p. 62, ill.
ANDERSEN, M.J. "Balthus in Wonderland," The Providence Journal (2 March 2001): B7, ill.
MURKEN, CHRISTA, et al. Kinder des 20. Jahrhunderts (Cologne: Wienand, 2000), ill. p. 26
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