|John James Audubon Gallery
|John James Audubon (1785-1851)
Audubon was born in Haiti, the illegitimate son of a French sea captain and his mistress, and raised in France by his stepmother.
In 1803 his father obtained a false passport for for him to travel to the United States to avoid the draft for the Napoleonic Wars.
He sailed down the Mississippi intent on finding and painting all the birds of North America.
In order to draw or paint the birds, he had to shoot them.
Between 1827 and 1839 he published Birds of America, a book of bird paintings and, with William MacGillivray, Ornithological Biographies.
His final work was on mammals, the Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America.
He is buried in the Trinity Churchyard Cemetery at 155th Street and Broadway in Manhattan, New York.
Farmyard Fowls, c. 1827
oil on canvas, 71.5 x 104 cm (28 1/8 x 40 15/16 in.)
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
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